The basic principle foundation of Bhuddhist thought are known as the “Four Noble truths” which was the first revelation received by Bhuddha Sakyamuni.
The Four Noble Truths are;
1.The Nature of Suffering (Dukkha). Suffering is real, all Sentient beings suffer in one way or another.
2.Suffering’s Origin (Samudaya). If Suffering exists, then it must have a cause – that cause is craving, attachment and ignorance
3.Suffering’s Cessation (Nirodha). If there is a beginning to suffering, it must also have an end (called Nirodha – the extinguishing)
4.The way to end Suffering (Maka). The way to end Suffering is the Eightfold Path as explained by the Lord Bhuddha.
These 4 Truths can be likened to the following;
- Diagnosis of an illness
- Prognosis for the illness
- Recovery thereof
- Medicine to cure the disease
- Suffering is universal (Dhukka)
- The origin of suffering is attachment (Samutaya)
- The cessation of suffering is attainable (Nirodha)
- The Path to the cessation of suffering is detachment (Magkha )